Much-branched, perennial shrub or small tree <5m tall. Stems have yellow prickles. Young branches have hairy, white-felted appearance. Thick, broadly ovate leaves indented, prickly on both sides; upper surface green with white edges & prominent veins, underside always white-felted. White to pale mauve flowers (Nov-Mar) followed by round fruit maturing from green to yellow.
Scrub, poor pasture, wasteland, forest margins, sand dunes coastal areas. Prefers warm sunny situations in higher rainfall areas, favouring maritime habitats.
As fruit is not attractive to birds or other animals, seed is mostly spread by water movement over soil surface, & by soil movement.
Forms dense, impenetrable scrub communities, displacing native species & blocking access for animals & to recreational areas. May harbour pests (eg rabbits, possums etc). Fruit poisonous.
Follow up regularly.
1. Report it immediately to the Auckland Council Biosecurity team, who will arrange for its control at their expense.
2. Grub out small plants removing all of root system.
3. Cut larger plants & stump paint (100ml Tordon BK/1L or Vigilant gel.
4. Spray (60ml Tordon BK/10l or 120ml Tordon Gold/10L).
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.