White-Edged Nightshade

Also known as:
White Edged Nightshade, White Edge Nightshade
Family:
Solanaceae
Origin:
North Africa

General description

Much-branched, perennial shrub or small tree <5m tall. Stems have yellow prickles. Young branches have hairy, white-felted appearance. Thick, broadly ovate leaves indented, prickly on both sides; upper surface green with white edges & prominent veins, underside always white-felted. White to pale mauve flowers (Nov-Mar) followed by round fruit maturing from green to yellow.

Scrub, poor pasture, wasteland, forest margins, sand dunes coastal areas. Prefers warm sunny situations in higher rainfall areas, favouring maritime habitats.

As fruit is not attractive to birds or other animals, seed is mostly spread by water movement over soil surface, & by soil movement.

Forms dense, impenetrable scrub communities, displacing native species & blocking access for animals & to recreational areas. May harbour pests (eg rabbits, possums etc). Fruit poisonous.

Site management

Follow up regularly.

Recommended approaches

1. Report it immediately to the Auckland Council Biosecurity team, who will arrange for its control at their expense.
2. Grub out small plants removing all of root system.
3. Cut larger plants & stump paint (100ml Tordon BK/1L or Vigilant gel.
4. Spray (60ml Tordon BK/10l or 120ml Tordon Gold/10L).

Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Similar species

apple of sodom
Solanum linnaeanum

Apple of sodom is more common, shorter and more shrubby, spines are shorter and yellow. Its leaves lack the white margins, and it has violet rather than white flowers.

devil's fig
Solanum torvum

Devil's fig leaf margins lack the white edge and are less lobed.

Search tags

RPMS status

Total Control - Whole Region
National Pest Plant Accord species - nationwide
white-edged nightshade - Main species image