Erect, bushy, evergreen, perennial shrub <1.2m tall. Wiry, much-branched stems. Lance-shaped, hairless, alternate leaves, dark green on upper side & lighter green on underside. Short-stalked clusters of small white 5-pointed star-like flowers (Oct-May). Large attractive, glossy, round, orange or scarlet berries (winter).
Hedges, plantations, remnant forest, waste areas, stream banks. Prefers shady, frost-free areas.
Bird dispersed seeds.
Forms dense stands but generally has a low impact. Poisonous to livestock & children.
Exclude livestock at all times, maintain pest control. Usually natural regeneration will overtake plant in time. Replanting, esp. of ferns, can accelerate process.
1. Hand pull all but the largest plants.
2. Weed wipe spring - autumn (300ml triclopyr or Tordon Gold/1L).
3. Spray plants over 30 cm tall, spring - autumn (100ml glyphosate + 20ml penetrant/10L or 60ml triclopyr + 10ml penetrant/10L).
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.