Spreading, woody, spiny, perennial shrub or subshrub <1m or more tall. Yellow spines & scattered hairs along stems. Leaves are deeply & irregularly divided into lobes, dark green on upper side, downy underneath. Small clusters of mauve or violet flowers (May-Sept). Poisonous green & white berries (apples) ripen to yellow.
Frost-free coastal sands, poor pasture, scrub margins.
Seeds spread by birds.
Forms dense stands in poor pasture & restricts recreational use of coastal areas. Not usually eaten by stock. Doesn’t present a problem to regenerating vegetation.
Exclude livestock as browsing limits native plant competition & weed colonises stock camps & dung patches. Many sites can be left untreated, allowing replacement by natural regeneration. Avoid soil disturbance, non-selective spraying & fire.
1. Dig out small plants.
2. Cut or slash larger plants & stump paint (100ml Tordon BK/1L or 100ml triclopyr/1L).
3. Spray large plants spring - summer (60 ml Tordon BK/10L).
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.