Not a true fern but a fern ally. Produces small cones on creeping, irregularly branched stems. Small leaves in 4 rows on stem. Long, fine aerial roots.
Damp situations: forest floor, stream banks, nurseries, shade houses, ferneries, gardens.
Spores, stem fragments transported on boots, machinery, animals etc.
Forms dense carpets, smothering plants eg orchids, ferns, mosses. Prevents development of native seedlings.
Check every 3 months for regrowth. Clear from tracks, especially at ends to prevent invasion. Peg sites out to identify when following up.
1. Rake & hand pull small infestations:
2. Spray larger infestations (100ml glyphosate + 2g metsulfuron + 10ml penetrant/10L).
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.