Brazilian Pepper Tree

Also known as:
Christmas Berry
South America

General description

Evergreen dioecious tree or shrub up to 6 m tall. Short trunk, usually hidden by dense and intertwining branches. Reddish aromatic leaves (smell of turpentine when crushed). Three to thirteen finely toothed leaflets, which lack leaf stalks and have very pale veins and midribs. White flowers, short-branched clusters of glossy, green, juicy fruit, turn bright red and dessicate into a papery shell surrounding a single seed.

Terrestrial- wetland environments

Seeds are dispersed by birds and mammals.

Alleopathic. Casts deep shade and excludes understorey. Fruits poisonous. People can have skin reactions to leaves and other parts of the tree.

Site management

Yearly monitoring for at least three years following control.

Recommended approaches

1. Hand pull seedlings and saplings.

Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Search tags

RPMS status

Surveillance - Whole Region
National Pest Plant Accord species - nationwide
Brazilian pepper tree - Main species image