Phoenix Palm

Also known as:
Canary Island Palm, Canary Date Palm, Canary Island Date Palm
Canary Islands

General description

Compact, robust evergreen palm <10m tall. Heavy trunk patterned with scars left by fallen leaves. Long, arching fronds form a dense canopy. Hanging stem with orange flowers (Oct-Nov), orange-yellow berries (Dec) on female plants.

Coastline, consolidated & loose sand, streamsides. Tolerates wide range of conditions & cooler climates but not frost.

Seeds dispersed by birds & locally by seed fall.

Prolific seeder that has potential to colonise a wide range of habitats. Dries out watertable & can alter coastline, causing build-up or erosion of sand. Spikes on base of fronds are a health hazard.

Site management

Seedlings occasionally appear in profusion. All plants hard to kill. Follow up required at 1-2 months, respray survivors.

Recommended approaches

1. Dig out seedlings & small plants.
2. Cut & stump paint (250ml glyphosate/1L). NB felled trunk can resprout, so watch for regrowth and control or use stem inject technique as below.
3. Stem-inject all year round 10ml undiluted glyphosate for every 100mm stem diameter. Insert at least 25mm into core, near to ground.
4. Spray fresh growth spring - summer, (200ml glyphosate+20ml penetrant/10L).

Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Search tags

RPMS status

Surveillance - Whole Region (from July 1 2010)
phoenix palm - Main species image