Large, many-stemmed, deciduous, perennial shrub <2m tall. Round, straight stems hairless & hollow. Pointed, heart-shaped leaves broad, opposite, <14cm long, & may be lobed. White, funnel-shaped flowers (Dec-May) surrounded by larger, drooping, reddish-purple bracts. Roundish, deep brown-purple fleshy berries with a staining juice.
Stream margins, roadsides, forest margins, disturbed forest, scrubland, gullies. More common in wetter western areas.
Abundant seeds dispersed by birds & water.
Forms dense thickets that displace native species. Penetrate into untouched forest via natural light gaps.
Remove pigs & other stock to minimise erosion & light wells. Replant sites where native spp. are slow to recover, to prevent reseeding.
1.Dig out small plants.
2. Cut & stump paint (1g metsulfuron/1L or 100ml triclopyr or glyphosate/1L).
2. Spray spring - summer, (5g metsulfuron + 10ml penetrant/10L or 60ml triclopyr/10L).
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.