Long-lived, woody, climbing, evergreen perennial. Stems <30m long, climb or creep with holdfast roots. Also has non-climbing fertile branches with unlobed leaves arranged spirally around stem. Leaves of non-fertile shoots 5-lobed. Yellowish-green flowers (Mar-May) in rounded, umbrella-shaped clusters. Purplish-black, berry-like fruit.
Wasteland, riverbeds, cliffs, open forest, plantations, roadsides. Tolerates wide range of conditions including shade, frost, damp.
Seeds dispersed by birds. Vegetative spread from stem fragments, garden refuse.
Carpets forest floor & trees, climbing to top of tallest trees. Specialised rockland & epiphytic plants significantly impacted.
Many plants do not produce viable (or any) seed, but once established, ivy is hard to kill & dispose of.
1. Cut stem & paint (5g metsulfuron/1L or 50ml Tordon BK/1L). Best for aerial vines.
2. Vial method for ground infestations. Pull up all stems possible & dispose. Treat remainder by placing cut vine ends in vials 5-10m apart containing 1g metsulfuron/20ml. Move vials monthly until plant eradicated.
3.Spray in summer (5g metsulfuron+10ml penetrant/10L).
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.