Evergreen, persistent, long-lived tree <6m tall. Starts life as an epiphyte; seed germinates in crevices of branches. Leaves green & smooth on upper side, undersides & young stems densely covered in reddish-brown hairs. Round & yellow to dull red fruit (7-17 mm diam.) with no stalks. Usually develops hanging aerial roots.
Can be found growing on the trunks of pohutukawa & palms. Can also readily establish on open rocky sites. Prefers warm frost-free climate. Tolerates wide range of conditions
Seed is mainly spread by birds or animals.
Could become a new species in climax forest becoming a tall emergent above canopy species.
Can be difficult to detect if growing in high canopy. Treat aerial roots as trunks, use control methods 2 & 3.
1. Pull out small plants.
2. Cut & stump paint (2g metsulfuron/1L).
3. Bore 1 hole per 100mm stem diameter & fill each hole with 2g metsulfuron (dissolved in approx 50ml water).
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.