Deciduous or semi-evergreen shrub to 4 m with upright and spreading branches. Young stems covered with dense brown downy hairs. As plant ages, stems become hairless and brownish grey, often covered with a sooty mould. Leaves shiny pale-green (13-25 x 7-15 mm) thin hairs on top when young but are hairless when mature. Leaves usually crowded or bunched along stems. Clusters of one to four small whitish to pale-pink flowers (Nov-Dec) with erect petals. Shiny orange-red or scarlet berries (5-10 mm).
Terrestrial: Dry forest and shrubland, forest margins, bluffs, rocky sites, slips.
Birds, gravity, soil movement.
Forms the understorey in open forest and invades margins. Overtops and replaces shrub species, prevents establishment of native plant seedlings. Very tolerant of damp and drought, cold, and a range of soils. Semi-shade-tolerant, very long-lived, matures quickly. Seed highly viable.
Plan to control whole areas to minimise reseeding by birds. Replant bared areas with dense groundcover or shrubs to prevent seedling regrowth.
1. Dig out small plants. Mulch.
2. Cut and stump paint, treating cut branches if left on site. (5 g metsulfuron/L or Vigilant gel) best in summer - autumn.
3. Frilling (big stems only) “feather” bark (5 g metsulfuron/L). Best in summer - autumn.
4. Spray (5g metsulfuron/kg + 20 ml penetrant/10 litres) summer - autumn.
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.