China & Himalayas

General description

An arching, spreading, evergreen shrub usually <3m tall (can grow up to 5m). Egg to diamond-shaped leaves in clusters along stem <25mm long, shiny on upper surface with impressed veins, blue-green on underside (young leaves buff-white underneath). Small white - pinkish flowers (Oct-Jan) in clusters of 1-4. Distinctive bunches of small red berries (Feb-Aug).

Widespread & common in scrub, wasteland, plantations, forest margins, coastal areas, riverbeds, quarries. Tolerates wide range of habitats.

Seeds dispersed by birds.

Competes directly with native shrubs & forms pure stands.

Site management

Plan to control whole areas to minimise reseeding by birds. Replant bared areas with dense groundcover or shrubs to prevent seedling regrowth. Make sure that the plant being controlled is not the native species kumarahou.

Recommended approaches

1. Hand pull seedlings (can be difficult).
2. Cut & paint stems summer - autumn (5g metsulfuron/1L or Vigilant gel).
3. Frill big stems, ‘feather’ bark & paint summer - autumn (5g metsulfuron/1L).
4. Spray summer - autumn (5g metsulfuron+10ml penetrant/10L).

Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Similar species

khasia berry
Cotoneaster simonsii

Khasia berry has smaller leaves and when in flower has less than 5 flowers per cluster.

Pyracantha angustifolia

Firethorn has narrow oblong shaped leaves and bright orange berries.

Pomaderris kumeraho

Kumarahou has many yellow flowers (Sep-Oct). The undersides of their leaves have pale blue-green tomentose.

Search tags

RPMS status

Surveillance - Whole Region
cotoneaster - Main species image