Evergreen shrub up to 4m high. Small clusters of dark-green leaves (3 cm long) with spiny edges and five short sharp spines below each group of leaves. Small yellow-orange flowers in clusters (Sep-Feb). Hanging groups of purple-black berries with a white bloom on surface.
Scrub, forest, plantation margins, and road-sides.
Bird dispersed and gravity.
Invades native bush and replace native species.
Cut stumps resprout quickly, and can be hard to kill and seeds will germinate onto bare land. Follow up 6-monthly. Replant bare sites to minimise seeding.
1. Grub out (all year round). Leave on site to rot down.
2. Stump swab (all year round): glyphosate (200ml/L) or metsulfuron (5g/L) or Vigilant gel or Tordon Brushkiller (100ml/L) or triclopyr (200ml/L).
3. Cut and squirt (all year round): metsulfuron (1g/100mm stem diameter).
4.Spray (spring-autumn): metsulfuron (5g/10L) or Tordon Brushkiller (25ml/10L).
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.