Erect, densely branched, evergreen shrub or small tree <2.5 tall. Green stems turn brown with age. Dull green, waxy, wedge-shaped leaves with a few teeth near tip. Many small cream or white flowers (Mar-May) in small heads at end of branches. Seed straw-coloured with tufts of silky hairs.
Disturbed forest, coastal swampland, degraded pasture. Prefers warm, humid conditions, Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions.
Seeds easily dispersed by wind & water, & also on machinery, in agricultural produce, gravel etc.
A threat to pastoral grazing, unpalatable & toxic to livestock.
Good pasture management, i.e. maintaining a vigorous pasture will suppress infestation.
1. Grub out small plants or infestations removing most of taproot.
2. Spray in spring (100ml glyphosate/10L or 5g metsulfuron/10L).
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.