Burdock

Also known as:
Lesser Burdock
Family:
Asteraceae
Origin:
Europe & West Asia

General description

Upright, open- branched, shrubby perennial <1.5m tall. Rosette form in first year. Large, hollow leaves stalked, triangular, <40cm long, green sparsely haired on topside, white & densely haired underneath. Hairy stems. Pink, egg-shaped, thistle-like flowerhead (Jan-Apr) surrounded by hooks.

Forest margins, scrub, creek beds, pasture, gardens, roadsides waste areas. Prefers wet areas, tolerates shade.

Seeds hook onto clothes, wool & fur.

Burs damage wool & injure skin, mouth or eyes.

Site management

Follow up regularly. Maintain good pasture cover to prevent re-establishment.

Recommended approaches

1. Grub out individual plants removing taproot.
2. Spray at rosette stage (100ml glyphosate + 20ml penetrant/10L).
3. Mowing before flowering will reduce spread of burs.
4. Spray before flowers & burs formed (100ml glyphosate+20ml penetrant/10L).

Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.

Similar species

Noogoora bur
Xanthium occidentale

Noogoora bur has inconspicuous flowers. It's burs are less spiny and it is an annual plant.

coltsfoot
Tussilago farfara

Coltsfoot resembles the rosette stage of burdock. However coltsfoot's leaves are broadly heart shaped with palmate veins rather than triangular.

RPMS status

Surveillance - Whole Region
burdock - Main species image