Long-lived, evergreen tree <18m tall. Shiny, oval, opposite leaves release an aromatic fragrance when crushed. Bunches of whitish flowers (Oct-Jan). Heavy crops of white to pink-mauve, berry-like fruit.
Forests, including lowland secondary forests & damp shrublands. Tolerates most soil conditions.
Seeds dispersed by large birds such as Kereru. Commonly planted as a shelter/hedge plant or as an ornamental.
Able to establish under low light conditions & hold a permanent place in forest canopy. Will outgrow native trees in light gaps. Can become dominant seedlings under pigeon roosts.
Hard to kill. Maintain rolling front, follow up at least 6 monthly to control seedlings. Replant densely (use pigeon-friendly spp. where possible) to minimise seedling growth.
1. Pull or dig out seedlings.
2. Cut or drill hole every 10cm stem diameter & fill each cut or hole with 2g metsulfuron (dissolved in approx 50ml water). All year round.
3. Cut & stump paint (5g metsulfuron/1L). All year round.
4. Frill (continuous cut) (4g metsulfuron + 10ml penetrant/L).
5. Spray spring - autumn (5g metsulfuron + 10ml penetrant/10L).
Caution: when using any herbicide or pesticide PLEASE READ THE LABEL THOROUGHLY to ensure that all instructions and safety requirements are followed.